Basal Metabolic Rate - BMR


An endless number of physical and chemical reactions are continuously going on in a living organism, and it’s all those reactions put together we refer to when we talk about metabolism. Some of the reactions imply that molecules break down to smaller components in a way that releases energy, a process that is called catabolism. It is such processes we are dealing with when complex sugar connections break down into more simple amino acids. The released energy is used for heat, reconditioning, growth and activity. When complex connections (molecules) are built up by more simple, it’s called anabolic reactions, a common denominator for this is metabolism (combustion).

Metabolic rate relates to the speed of the metabolism, and the speed will have a great variation between rest and sleep, where it’s extremely low, and hard physical activity, where it’s extremely high. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the name of the rate we find when we are resting or sleeping, – or more exact, when the organism don’t use any more energy than it needs for keeping all the functions of the body running. In a relative simple way, your doctor can measure your BMR by gauging your consumption of oxygen or your production of heat.

It’s important to underline that BMR will have a great individual variation, even if sex, age, height and weight are relatively the same. It’s hard to find all the reasons for why it is like this, but it’s certain that some hormones have important roles to play, – and that the hormone thyroxin has a leading part. If too much thyroxin is secreted, as in the case of hyperthyroidism, your BMR will be extremely increased. It’s well known that other hormones, as growth hormones and sex hormones are playing a part in the process. The same goes for Leptin, a hormone that specifically stimulates the fat metabolism. It is also important to mention that BMR is related to age.

Children and youngsters have a considerable higher BMR than middle-aged and older people have. When talking about weight and weight control, the knowledge of the metabolic processes is essential. Very simply explained, the connection between energy supply and the use of energy decides the weight of the body. If the body is supplied with more energy than it needs, the weight will increase, if the body is supplied with less energy than it needs, the weight will go down.

Our BMR is mainly dependent upon genes, and therefore hard to do anything about, without drastically altering the homeostasis systems of the body. It can be done with the help of special medicaments, but there may be some unwanted side effects. Furthermore the effect will be rather small without a low calorie food intake. Fortunately there is an effective, simple and less harmful way to loose weight, i.e. by using the knowledge of the energy difference between the actual metabolic rate and BMR, the principle of energy difference. If you are going to reduce your weight, the good, old and well-known prescription will be: Eat less (lower intake of energy), and trim more (higher consumption of energy).

NOKA Milkshake is made on the principle of the energy differences. The intake of energy is far less than your consumption, in as much as your body consumes from the fat deposit, thus loosing fat. Inevitably the same thing happens irrespective of your choice of diet, if your energy intake is lower than your consumption, the trick is, however, to take fat only from the fat deposit, the muscles should as far as possible remain intact.

NOKA Milkshake diet sees to that the energy needed for all the cells in the body (muscle cells, brain cells etc.) to function optimally is provided, while the fat deposits are effectively drained! This is the energy difference principle at its very best! You are safeguarded against deficiency conditions and metabolic disorders, you’re fit, and may keep up a high level of physical activity, even tough the energy intake is low!

This article is written by Amanuensis and psychologist in nutrition at the University of Bergen, Norway, Alvin O. Danielsen.

Alvin O. Danielsen (1944-2008) was associate Professor and researcher at Department of Psychosocial Science, Faculty of Psychology, Universitetet of Bergen (UiB), his speciality was medical biology.

Danielsen was an acknowledged lecturer at home and abroad, and also a member of the well known AAAS (American association for the advancement of science). In connection to his research work, he was appointed to be honorary professor at Albert Schweitzer institute in Switzerland.